Across the Western world, the post-Cold War conservative consensus is breaking down. The current model of conservatism has not only failed to conserve anything it was expected to protect, but has actively participated in undoing our precious values.

A number of revelations have come to pass since the fall of the Soviet Union: particularly, the shortcomings of the international financial system and its impact on national labour markets, the culture war and the rapid decay of Christian values, and the rise of global organizations seeking to diminish the sovereignty and the identity of nation-states.

...our economy and cultural identity are tethered to this much more powerful foreign state. For all intents and purposes Canada is a client state to America...

It is clear who the perpetrator of this global arrangement is: the American political establishment is the proprietor of the liberal world order. The U.S. has an incredible amount of cultural influence via mass media, it is home to the world's largest multinational corporations and organizations, and its military dominance spans the planet. The American Empire is not just a figure of speech, but a legitimate description of the United States in the 21st century.

The most integrated country in the American Empire is Canada. We are not only completely dependent on the U.S. for national defense purposes, but our economy and cultural identity are also tethered to this much more powerful foreign state. For all intents and purposes, Canada is a client state to America, which explains why our political phenomena usually result as a consequence of events in the U.S.

Perhaps the clearest examples of this are the revolutions of Ronald Reagan and Barry Goldwater foreshadowing those of Brian Mulroney and Preston Manning, which were among the most damaging liberal subversions of Canadian conservatism. The old Tory tradition, the beating heart of Canadian identity, was defeated by American fusionism.

Fusionism is essentially an alliance of economic business liberals, Christian social conservatives, and interventionist war hawks. It was a practical coalition to revive conservatism (albeit a superficial one) in the 1980s leading up to the fall of the Soviet Union. Being a product of its time, the philosophy was presented as a bulwark against socialism, and often referred to as 'neoconservatism'. Fusionism was first thrust into the mainstream by Reagan, followed by Thatcher and Mulroney in their respective countries.

Thanks to Mulroney, this is the origin of Blue Toryism in Canada, which was further solidified by Manning and his Reform movement, and which eventually came to dominate conservatism with the cunning of Stephen Harper. Following the financial crash of 2008, social conservatism was ostracized and made a junior partner in the alliance, and it has been losing its influence in mainstream conservatism to this day. It is only now that Blue Tory fusionism is weathering a storm from all sides due to the surmounting incompatibility of classical liberalism and social conservatism.

Consider the electoral strategies of both factions in the Conservative Party, and their relation to large multinational capital. The classical liberal proponents are intent on winning over the moderate vote in urban theaters, specifically by cracking down on social conservatism and embracing corporate social liberal commitments. Meanwhile, social conservatives are just now beginning to turn their attention to courting the union working-class in order to retain their values, much akin to right-wing populism in other countries. The coalition of these two camps cannot last, and it should be pursued no further—conservatism cannot afford to emulate liberalism.

The Red Tory Philosophy

As mentioned, worldwide conservatism is facing an existential crisis. The revival of social conservative nationalism and traditionalism, in contrast to classical liberalism, is pulling the old fusionist model apart. Canadian conservatism hasn't moved past this irreconcilable alliance, and thus the Conservative Party is struggling to put together a viable electoral coalition. The establishment conservative status-quo desperately wants to keep all their parts together, but years are being wasted without any major conservative victories in the past decade.

As Canadian nationalists and traditionalists ourselves, we need to chart a new course away from the sinking ship of fusionist Blue Tory conservatism. A new, yet very old, vision of Canadian conservatism must be reasserted.

The greatest benefit in using 'Red Toryism' as a rallying banner for the nationalist-traditionalist right, is that it implies a rich historical continuity which exudes an air of legitimacy.

In contemporary Canadian politics, the distinction of 'Red Toryism' in contrast to 'Blue Toryism' is horribly misrepresented. It is not that ‘Red’ means left and Blue means ‘right', so much as that 'Red' represents a strong state, common good social policy and Canadian nationalism, and 'Blue' instead highlights limited government, free market capitalism, pluralism, and internationalism.

Canadians should be aware that the Red Toryism of Sir John A. Macdonald is true, authentic conservatism, whereas the Blue Toryism of Mulroney is a liberal intrusion. The popular rhetoric these days, where Blue Tories use 'Red Tory' as a 'moderate' pejorative, is incredibly misleading. Here is a more in-depth explanation.

The greatest benefit in using 'Red Toryism' as a rallying banner for the nationalist-traditionalist right, is that it implies a rich historical continuity which exudes an air of legitimacy. Red Toryism can proudly proclaim itself as the true variety of Canadian conservatism, which further emphasizes just how American Blue Toryism is in origin. Aside from the marketing appeal, the term also provides a defence against our fusionist Blue Tory counterparts.

As quite the ironic example for a discussion about conservatism: during the Russian revolutionary period, Vladimir Lenin had the good judgment to distinguish his Bolshevik faction from the more moderate, but larger, Mensheviks. Because of this clever arrangement, the two socialist factions were able to cooperate in order to defeat their common enemies in the provisional government, but without the Mensheviks being able to ideologically tamper with Bolshevik radicalism. This is a staple strategy that can be emulated in Canadian conservatism.

It is with Red Toryism that we can wash our hands of the laissez-faire excesses of fusionism and establish a conservatism that is distinct from Blue Toryism — yet still leave room open for collaboration on social conservative policy. All that is left is to discuss are the tenets of Red Toryism.

The Red Tory Canadian nationalist-traditionalist movement must be entirely committed to five basic laws, five branches that will hold aloft the fruits of our political ambitions. They are: Christianity, Canadian heritage, social paternalism, agrarian localism and Anti-Americanism.  


The teachings of Christ and the word of God are the righteous fire that should ignite every aspect of our political will above all — because Christianity is right and true.

A more pragmatic view is that Canada was conceived as a Christian nation, so the historical continuity that Christianity provides is an important link between Canadian nationalism and the basis for our traditionalism and moral philosophy. Divine right is the most compelling justification for our monarchy, which has proven to provide stability and assurance in our government. In addition, the vast majority of Canadians who would be most receptive to Red Toryism are already Christian.

A genuine Christian political movement is one that admits leaders who are upstanding and virtuous, and who broadly have a cohesive moral code. It ensures that Red Toryism can adequately provide for Canadians, exercising an agenda that genuinely helps people. This would be radically different from the usual political opportunists who lack the fear of God in their hearts.

Some issues are foreseeable: denominational sectarianism is to be expected, and should be actively discouraged. In order to build a national coalition of a large size—uniting Christians from Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant backgrounds within the Red Tory movement will be essential. Those who are not Christian can be fellow travellers, but cannot be allowed to participate in any kind of leadership.

Canadian Heritage

It is important to establish that Canada is not just a country of people with common values. Confederation is rooted in the union of cultures guided by the crown, together forming the Canadian nation. The nation is all at once a mixture, and a patchwork, of English, Scottish, French, Irish and First Nations heritage. These were the people that first established the colonies, and built the groundwork for the Dominion.

Mass Immigration threatens to totally and radically change the culture. Red Toryism must be committed to reducing migration, and instead use native fecundity to stabilize the prevailing demographic age imbalance...

Canada is not a post-national country, and those aforementioned cultural groups are the basis for our national integrity. Over the decades, immigrants of different cultures have come to Canada following confederation, some more recently than others. It is wrong and uncharitable to deny naturalized citizens the right to be accepted as Canadian, but the Canadian national character must always be supported  by its ethnogenesis. Otherwise, Canada as we know it will not survive.

Immigration reform is a top priority, as mass migration is undoing the national integrity of Canada. Combined, immigration and foreign guest admittance account for nearly one million migrants entering the country every year with a path to citizenship. Mass immigration threatens to totally and radically change the cultural landscape of Canada. Red Toryism must be committed to reducing migration, and instead use native fecundity to stabilize the prevailing demographic age imbalance before anything else. There is also a strong labour market case against mass migration.

Social Paternalism

What most starkly distinguishes Red Toryism from Blue Toryism is the Red Tory commitment to common good social policy, in contrast to the Blue Tory’s appeal to laissez-faire economics. Canadians are struggling as automation and foreign off-shoring has and still is eliminating jobs at record rates. Mass migration has further contributed to stagnant wages and a decline of quality in public services, as infrastructure and development efforts have failed to keep pace. Rent and real estate are unaffordable in most parts of the country, and the majority of Canadians live paycheque to paycheque. Average Canadians are struggling under the demands of the current economic arrangement.

To capture the hearts and minds of Canadians, conservatism must abandon its identification with free-market liberalism and small government, and instead champion social paternalism and good government. Returning to a balanced budget is ideal, but that can only be achieved if Canadians have the security to live independently of the welfare state. That security will only be assured if the powers of the government are used for the social good. This includes building up communities, bringing back jobs, providing agency to industrious workers, and forcing large corporations in Canada to serve the needs of Canadians foremost.

Blue Toryism had its short time in the spotlight, but by their nature, Canadians do not trust large corporations to be the de facto leaders of the country — they trust government. Free-marketeers are outnumbered two to one on the national landscape, and if a functioning Tory coalition is going to be built it will have to be with the help of the working class labour vote. Otherwise, left-of-center parties will bribe the majority of voters ad infinitum with no real opposition.

The unintended consequence of Blue Tories so strongly tying themselves to free-market dogmatism has pushed many charitable Christians away to the left, making them more susceptible to social liberalism, which has been festering increasingly in Christianity. This trend must be fought at any cost.

Agrarian Localism

Industrialization and urbanization have been some of the most potent forces eroding conservative values for decades. The machine has made humans its slave, as we increasingly change the habits of our own lives to maximize production and consumption. What is so difficult about this problem is that technology is addictive, and once people experience its leisure they eventually become ignorant of its adverse effects.

Red Toryism has an open net to revitalize the countryside with investment and natal policy. A balance of development, and the maintenance of local isolation, must be struck…

Canadian conservatism belongs to the heartland of the country, where people live independent of degrading and possessive services that only mass industry could support. They dwell in small towns where everyone knows everyone, and everyone has their place. The local church is the centre of community engagement. Youths who take up their training at local businesses are spared the inundation of liberal propaganda awaiting those who enroll at universities. These things all form a testament to how tradition is antithetical to modernity, and that rural life is where the authentic Canada was left behind and forgotten.

The new frontier of Red Toryism is in these communities, dotting low-density rural ridings all across Canada. A rural electoral coalition can be established with enough seats to secure even a majority government. The only major roadblock, however, is that these communities are dying as a result of urban flight; capital is dwindling and little is being done by government to preserve rural life. Red Toryism has an open net to revitalize the countryside with investment and natal policy. A balance of development and the maintenance of local isolation, must be struck in order for this strategy to work in the long term. The eventual goal is that these communities become self-sufficient without the need for urban oversight.

There is something romantically compelling about the natural world. People idolize beautiful landscapes, and love to hike in nature. Canadians in particular are also passionate about environmentalism. Red Toryism can be the political embodiment of this primal calling, venerating and defending the wild, natural geography of this beautiful country. Bridging the philosophies of genuine ecology and rural localism would be an attractive defence against liberal urban-industrial sprawl. It should be noted that mass industrial living standards are the impetus for the natural resource sector. It is better to first restrain urbanization and population growth, before trying to upend the ability to sustain society in the name of environmentalism.


The United States of America in its inception is a liberal country that rejected monarchism and Christian dominion in favour of republican democracy and secularism. It is a country that is fundamentally antagonistic towards the common good and public virtue, instead championing free-market capitalism and individual liberty. It doesn't have a common national character and is more like an idea enshrined in a constitution. At one time, Canada and the United States could not be more disparate societies.

Canada cannot persist to stay a complacent client state of the American Empire and expect to survive as a country, so much as reassert its conservatism.

Anti-Americanism is not meant to be construed as opposition to the American people, but rather to the American Empire. Today the United States is the preeminent global superpower and hegemon of the liberal world order. Its political establishment is thoroughly staffed with proponents of liberal globalism, and large multinational corporations. With its combined military, cultural and economic might, its influence reaches every part of the earth, impressing on each corner an urban-social malaise that originates in its own cities. America dominates the international trade regime, enslaving poorer states in the peripheral world system. It ostracizes, sanctions and wages disastrous wars against dissenting countries with its military and diplomatic leverage, ensuring that its economic control remains unchallenged—to the benefit of global finance.

Canada cannot persist to stay a complacent client state of the American Empire and expect to either survive as a country or reassert its conservatism. If Canada is ever to return to its traditional roots, defined by the classical Red Tory philosophy, it must absolutely and totally oppose the United States and its manifest destiny continental mission in North America. We must push Canada to take steps in breaking our dependence on the U.S. and turn to other allies and trade partners for accommodation. This may be a costly endeavour, but for the sake of our national sovereignty and identity it is a necessity. There cannot be any compromise on this issue; the American Empire must be firmly opposed.

Our Ambition

The basic formula for Red Toryism has been laid out, but the movement still requires a more comprehensive intellectual foundation. I encourage readers to build upon what I have written here, in the spirit of keeping true to these five tenets.

The Conservative Party of Canada is in utter disrepair with its Blue Tory internal factions at odds. Their current coalition's electoral ceiling is not high enough to win a minority government, which guarantees that they are relegated to being the permanent opposition. Eventually the conservative base will become so disillusioned that the party will likely not survive, or it will be severely weakened. This will be the opportunity to push Red Toryism into the mainstream, attract dejected Tories with a revived, correct vision, and redefine Canadian conservatism from the ground up.

I urge nationalist and traditionalist readers to embrace the mantle of Red Toryism, and pursue a career in academia, law, politics, military, business and public service. Connect with others, and start building a network. We will need your talent and expertise soon.